CMS-Flow NUmerical Methods: Wetting and Drying

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Wetting and Drying

In the numerical simulation of the surface water flows with sloped beaches, sand bars and islands, the water edges change with time, with part of the nodes being possibly wet or dry. In the present model, a threshold flow depth (a small value such as 0.02 m in field cases) is used to judge drying and wetting. If the flow depth on a node is larger than the threshold value, this node is considered to be wet, and if the flow depth is lower than the threshold value, this node is dry. Because a fully implicit solver is used in the present model, all the wet and dry nodes participate in the solution. Dry nodes are assigned a zero velocity. On the water edges between the dry and wet nodes, the wall-function approach is applied.

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